IOM provides assistance to the Ukrainian Government in developing a comprehensive migration and border management system by enhancing its institutional, organizational, operational and human resource capacities. In close collaboration with Ukrainian authorities entrusted with migration and border management, such as the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the State Migration Service (SMS), the State Border Guard Service (SBGS), the State Customs Service, the Office of the Ombudsperson, the Ministry of Interior, as well as civil society organizations, IOM Ukraine’s Capacity Building in Migration Management unit works to institutionalize best international practices.
IOM assists in strengthening intra-service capacity and inter-agency cooperation among national authorities responsible for implementing Ukraine’s policies on migration and border management, in particular, but not limited to, the SMS and the SBGS. IOM helps to enhance the legal and regulatory framework, institutional setting, human resources management and training structures of these agencies, as well as to improve their infrastructure and equipment.
IOM also facilitates the implementation of intergovernmental agreements between Ukraine and the EU and other partners, to strengthen international cooperation between migration and law enforcement authorities. This includes, inter alia, agreements on joint patrolling along the EU–Ukraine border, as well as joint training of border guard staff. In addition to that, IOM helps facilitate joint risk analysis and fosters cooperation between the customs agencies of Ukraine and neighbouring states. A number of readmission agreements, amongst other agreements with the European Union, have also been implemented with assistance from IOM.
Providing assistance to Ukrainian authorities in their visa liberalization dialogue with the EU was another sphere of IOM’s activities in this field. IOM has been supporting the introduction and application of best practices in a variety of fields, such as migration management, readmission, document security, anti-corruption and anti-discrimination activities.
IOM also contributes to the development of mechanisms to monitor the overall situation of migrants and returnees in Ukraine from a human rights perspective, and through the establishment of platforms to increase dialogue and mutual understanding, assists Ukrainian authorities in adopting EU-standard, compliant return mechanisms that prioritize sustainable and dignified return of irregular migrants; monitors and analyzes migration and border management-related policies, legislation, regulations and trends, providing state authorities with expert opinions and analysis.
Since the end of 2013, IOM has been implementing the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM), which has an advisory and technical support mandate to enhance the border management capacities of the border guard and customs authorities and other state agencies of Moldova and Ukraine. For more information, please explore the EUBAM website: http://eubam.org/en and the information on the project (to download publication of EU funded grants and procurement contracts).