Сrimean Tatar family, displaced to Vinnytsia, was supported by IOM with an oven, a fridge and a business training and now cooks traditional dishes for sale
LIVELIHOOD SUPPORT TO CONFLICT-AFFECTED PEOPLE
IOM continues its efforts to foster income opportunities for IDPs and host communities’ members.
In October 2017, IOM, with the financial support of the Government of Federal Republic of Germany acting through KfW Development Bank, opened enrollment for a new project improving self-reliance and livelihoods opportunities for displaced and conflict-affected population, as well as fostering social-economic stability and well-being in hosting communities in Ukraine. The project will provide displaced groups and host community members with opportunities to initiate new or expand existing livelihoods activities by supporting them with grants for self-employment startups and microbusiness initiatives.
Since December 2016 until 11 November 2017, IOM has been implementing the project, funded by the UK Department for International Development (DFID), covering 24 regions of Ukraine. Within the framework of this project IOM created the National Business Exchange Platform to facilitate and encourage networking and collaboration among IDPs and host community members – entrepreneurs of different industries – aimed at business development, job creation and in the long-term improvement of Ukrainian business environment. The online Platform offers it’s registered participants access to business opportunities, contacts, educational materials and projects on small business development in Ukraine. The implementing partner for the National Business Exchange Platform development is a local non-governmental organization Business Community Club. To register on the Platform follow the link: https://bc-club.org.ua/biznes-platforma/platform.html.
From 2014 till December 2018, IOM has already provided career development, self-employment and business training for over 16,000 IDPs and conflict affected people, of whom, over 8,800 people received grants for vocational training, self-employment or micro-business.
SOCIAL COHESION PROJECT FOR IDPs AND HOST COMMUNITIES
Since 2015, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) has successfully implemented social cohesion projects in 61 communities, mainly in the East of Ukraine (Donetsk (government-controlled areas), Luhansk (government-controlled areas), Kharkiv, Dnipropetrovsk, Zaporizhia, Odesa regions).
However, based on recent studies on the situation of internally-displaced persons (IDPs) in host communities and social coherence processes, IOM team has decided to expand social cohesion project to other regions of Ukraine.
For that purpose, a Call for Partners has been announced to select communities willing to take part in the project. The main criteria for participation were: 500+ IDPs residing in the community, presence of initiative group (at least 15 persons, including IDPs, local residents, national minorities, people with disabilities etc.), availability of a public facility where social cohesion activities will be implemented, and ideas of activities promoting social stabilization and confidence-building in communities. Communities for social cohesion project were selected based on submitted applications and field visits conducted by IOM representatives.
Selected communities Initiative groups members have passed three-day trainings on social cohesion, mobilization of resources, project development and communications. During the training they have analyzed problems existing in their community, and developed a plan of social cohesion activities to be implemented in the framework of the project. IOM has supported those trainings and procurement of materials, necessary for implementations of activities. Examples of such activities are as follows but not limited to:
Culture: concerts, festivals, exhibitions;
Education: master-classes, hobby-clubs;
Sports activities: sports competitions, festivals, initiatives promoting healthy lifestyle;
Other: workshops, round tables, flesh mobs, eco initiatives, etc.
Social cohesion component is implemented under the project "Supporting Recovery and Sustainable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons and the Conflict-Affected Population in Ukraine", funded by the European Union. The project will last till July 2018 and will cover over 35 000 beneficiaries all over Ukraine.
INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN THE AREAS OF DISPLACEMENT AND RETURN AREAS
IOM has implemented a number of activities that involve both IDPs and the local population to develop projects to improve social infrastructure such as the expansion of schools and kindergartens or playgrounds; improvement of primary health care facilities and health posts; development and improvement of infrastructure, culture and recreation facilities; or other similar initiatives that could potentially lead to the improvement of quality of life in the area.
Currently, 20 communities in Donetsk and Luhansk regions are benefitting from the Donbas community stabilization project, funded by the Government of Japan and implemented by IOM.
HUMANITARIAN AID IN THE EASTERN CONFLICT AREA
Starting from 2015, the U.S. Department of State Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM) provides funds to address the needs of the most vulnerable population affected by the conflict in the east of Ukraine.
In response to the critical need for basic humanitarian assistance in eastern Ukraine, the projects implemented by IOM contributed to reducing the risk of morbidity and mortality among the conflict-affected communities by the following:
- Increasing access to hygiene materials through distribution of hygiene kits and diapers to the population and improving WASH facilities in social institutions and healthcare centres.
- Providing winterization support to the most vulnerable community members through distribution of coal, supporting people whose houses or heating systems were damaged during the conflict with heating stoves and distributing winterization kits to withstand the challenges of the harsh winter.
- Supporting population along the contact line in meeting their essential and urgent needs by multipurpose cash transfers.
69,201 individuals in Ukraine’s Eastern Conflict Area were supported with different types of PRM-funded assistance in the period from January 2015 until May 2018.
THE NATIONAL IDP ADVICE HOTLINE
The National Toll-Free Hotline to support IDPs is run by Donbas SOS NGO. The hotline operates within the framework of the EU-funded project “Supporting Recovery and Sustainable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons and the Conflict-Affected Population in Ukraine” implemented by the IOM Mission in Ukraine.
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IOM's assistance to internally displaced persons in Ukraine photo gallery